Scaffolding in PBL
According to The Glossary of Education Reform, scaffolding refers to a variety of instructional techniques used to move students progressively toward stronger understanding and, ultimately, greater independence in the learning process. Scaffolding in PBL is important because it meets the needs of students learning so that they can be successful. In PBL scaffolding is a form of learning support. It’s planned for the entire project in advance, and this makes sure that your project is aligned from beginning to end. When scaffolding it’s important to make sure that your students are clear on what the learning outcomes and targets are. It is also important to connect scaffolding to a learner’s background knowledge and look at their prerequisites skills that they will need.
In creating this project, we’ve had to develop a student learning guide. This guide is a great tool to plan to scaffold. It’s mostly backward planning. You start off with the learning outcomes and what you want learners to achieve and begin the process of creating the actual project using these outcomes as a guide, this includes the products and the knowledge and skills the students will need to create them, checkpoints and formative assessment and instructional strategies and resources. This will give learners the knowledge they need to be successful.
Scaffolding is important because it meets students where they are and supports their learning. It’s designed to get students to the next level of their learning and get students to become independent learners and problem solvers. The way I will be addressing this in my project is by providing clear direction and anticipating problems that the student may encounter and let them know what they must do to overcome it. I’ll clearly state the purpose of the project and help students understand why a website for the classroom is an important tool for communication. I will make sure that learners stay on task by constantly checking in on them and allow them to make their decisions about which avenues they take to explore. I will also incorporate an assessment plan that includes both summative and formative assessments like a rubric and checklist.
Blog. (n.d.). Retrieved June 04, 2016, from http://bie.org/blog/gold_standard_pbl_scaffold_student_learning
Scaffolding Definition. (2013). Retrieved June 05, 2016, from http://edglossary.org/scaffolding/